GUIDELINES TO PREPARING AND SUBMITTING A MANUSCRIPT
To view the format of our articles, please see the below articles.
Sample Research Article
Sample Review Article
Our journal considers only original high quality research articles and comprehensive review articles. Our journal does not consider medical case reports and mini-reviews. If you wish to submit comprehensive review article, please ensure the following criteria before submitting review article. Review article should be substantial, comprehensive, authoritative, critical, and readable reviews of published results with in-depth discussion. It may cover mature or emerging areas of research, but not inactive areas. We expect AT LEAST 100 references for a review article. Around 60% of the references should belong to last 5 years only. Review article is expected to have 8000 – 12000 words.
Review articles should be adequately wide in scope to appeal to a large part of the journal's readership, but should be specific enough to allow discussion to be made at an appropriate depth. Methodology and principles should not be incorporated in reviews, but suitable reference should be made to sources of this information. Reviews should be critical rather than enumerative and should supply the reader with expert opinion regarding the relative merits of the various published approaches to the topic under review. Figures and Tables are encouraged in review articles. The review article should critically review other research groups’ work (not merely authors’ research group alone). All the figures used in the review article must be mentioned with copyright information in each figure caption.
In the case of REVIEW ARTICLE, the authors MUST get prior approval of the article topic from the editorial office before writing the review article to avoid overlap with other already invited reviews pending for submission.
The manuscript should be in MS Word or LaTeX only. Please try to include the Figures and Tables at the end of the manuscript file itself. If the figure size is too large, please compress the figures to reduce the figure file size. High resolution figures can be submitted after acceptance of the manuscript. Please avoid submitting Figures and Tables in separate files.
The references format of your manuscript should follow the journal's required format.
Plagiarism cannot be tolerated by us. We abide by the Code of Conduct given by COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) and follow its Best Practice Guidelines . We examine allegations of both pre- and post-publication misconduct such as plagiarism and we reserve the right to contact authors' institutions, regulatory body and funding agency. If we discover decisive proof of misconduct, we will take immediate steps to correct the scientific record, which includes a correction or retraction. In such cases, we will follow COPE standards and practices and may look for suggestion from the COPE forum.
Human Subject and Animal Research
The human subjects’ research and animal research must have been approved by the ethics committee of authors' institutions. In case of human subjects’ research, it must be in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki . If required by us, the authors should send us the approval statement from the ethics committee. Clinical trials must have been registered before patient recruitment has begun.
Conflict of interest
The authors are requested to disclose any actual or possible conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with other people or organizations within 3 years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately affect, or be perceived to affect, their work.
Submission of an article implies that the work being submitted has not been published earlier (except in the form of abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is agreed by all authors and implicitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if the article submitted is accepted, it will not be published elsewhere, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the publisher.
If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included in the submitted article, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owner(s) and credit the source(s) in the article. Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their organisation. Written Permission of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the organisation and for all other derivative works, including translations and compilations.
Use of word-processing software
All submissions (initial and final) should be in MS Word format or Latex format. The text should be in single-column format and in Times New Roman font.
A typical research article will have the following sections: Abstract, Introduction, Experimental Details, Results and Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgements and References.
Review Articles can contain appropriate section names instead of "Experimental Details" section and "Results and Discussion" section.
- Author names and affiliations: List of all the authors of the article should be mentioned. Mention the each author's affiliation address (where the actual work was done) below the name. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name, and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
- Title: Title should be concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations and formulae in the title wherever possible.
- Corresponding author: Clearly indicate the author to whom the correspondence should be made. Ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.
- Present/permanent address: If an author has moved since the work in the article was carried out, or was visiting at the time, a "Present address" (or "Permanent address") may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually carried out the work must be retained as the main address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.
The abstract should be concise with a maximum of 150 words. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. Avoid non-standard abbreviations.
Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, using American spelling and avoid general and plural terms (avoid, for example, "and", "of", “the”). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible.
Define the non-standard abbreviations in the footnotes of the article. Abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention in the abstract, as well as in the footnote. Ensure uniformity of abbreviations right through the article.
Assemble acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references section and do not include them in any other part of the article.
Equations and Formulae
Present simple formulae in the line of normal text wherever possible and use “ / ” instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., A/B. Wherever possible, use Equation Editors for preparing the equations.
Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article, using superscript Arabic numbers. Many wordprocessors build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used. If this not be the case, indicate the position of footnotes in the text and present the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article. Do not include footnotes in the Reference list.
Indicate each footnote in a table with a superscript lowercase letter.
- Produce images near to the desired size of the printed version.
- Figures should be numbered using Arabic numerals.
If you submit the manuscript in MS word format, please include the Figures and Tables at the end of the manuscript file itself and please avoid submitting Figures and Tables in separate files.
If you submit the manuscript in LaTex format, please include PDF version also along with LaTex and Figure files.
If the figure size is too large, please compress the figures to reduce the file size for initial submission. After the manuscript is accepted, you can upload high resolution figures (if needed).
Ensure that each figure has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title and a description of the figure. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.
Number the tables using Arabic numerals consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Place footnotes to tables below the table and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters.
Citation in text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text.
As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed.
Reference style Indicate references by number(s) in square brackets in line with the text. List the references in the references section in the order in which they appear in the text.
Computer Algorithms should be described clearly and concisely by means of a suitable algorithmic notation. Complete program listings are not normally admissible. Flow charts should be avoided in favor of a textual or tabulated description of the program or data flow.
If the article has more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on.
Ensure that the following items are present when you submit an article:
- One Author is designated as corresponding Author with email address , full postal address, telephone and fax numbers
- Keywords are mentioned
- All figure captions are mentioned
- All tables (including title, description, footnotes) are mentioned
- Manuscript has been "spellchecked" and "grammar-checked"
- References are in the correct format
- Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web)
If you are publishing regular article (non-open access article), as an author you (or your employer or institution) may do the following:
- make copies (print or electronic) of the article for your own personal use, including for your own classroom teaching use;
- for your employer, if the article is a ‘work for hire’, made within the scope of your employment, your employer may use all or part of the information in the article for other intra-company use (e.g. training)
- you may retain patent and trademark rights and rights to any process or procedure described in the article
- include the article in full or in part in a thesis or dissertation (provided that this is not to be published commercially)
- use the article or any part thereof in a printed compilation of your works, such as collected writings or lecture notes (subsequent to publication of the article in the journal); and
- prepare other derivative works, to extend the article into book-length form, or to otherwise re-use portions or excerpts in other works, with full acknowledgement of its original publication in the journal
Corresponding author, at no cost, will be provided with a watermarked PDF file of the article via email. No paper offprints will be provided to the authors.